Pest Control for Wildlife Animals / Critters
Below are brief descriptions of the most common nuisance wildlife species found in frederick and tri-county areas. Theses animals typically have a habit of living on or even in your homes and businesses and human environments. They often thrive in heavily populated areas, and take advantage of human buildings and food sources. Many of these animals can be found living in your attics
Raccoon: They frequently enter attics and other parts of your home, they are strong and capable of causing quite a bit of destruction to homes and attics.Female raccoons often enter your homes in order to have thier young in the springtime. Raccoons are responsible for a number of nuisance problems, from stealing pet food, to tipping over garbage cans, to raiding ornamental ponds, chicken coops, etc. They are very crafty animals, and generally weigh 10-30 pounds as adults. They eat almost anything and are primarily active at night.
Gray Squirrel: While many types of squirrels can cause nuisance problems, from red and fox squirrels to flying squirrels, the gray squirrel is the most common to live in your attics, usually in the winter and late summer, when females give birth to their bi-annual litter of young. They are expert chewers, and will chew their way in, as well as chew on wires once inside. They primarily eat nuts and grains, and will store these in the attic or walls, along with nesting debris.
Striped Skunk: Skunks are well known for their strong odor. They frequently choose to live under homes and decks, sheds, or porches. They cause a problem with their odor, particularly during mating season. They also often fall down window wells and get stuck. They are nocturnal and ominvorous. They are not fast animals, so there is a good chance that your dog will catch one and get sprayed.
Opossum: Opossums are a nuisance species because they are an opportunistic, and will take advantage of your homes, sheds, decks, etc. in order to live and steal food. They are north america's only marsupial. Somtimes you find them in your attic, and are also a common dead animal extraction target. They have the most teeth of any mammel, opposable thumbs, and eat almost anything. They have incredible immune systems, which makes them great survivors.
Groundhogs: They dig large burrows which are often complex, with several entry holes.Groundhogs are rodents, and adults average 8-10 pounds. They give birth in the spring to 3-6 young. They are primarily herbivorous, eating a variety of plants, including your garden,which is the most complaint. They grow fat in the summer,and winter they hibernate.
Moles: Several species but the eastern mole in the most common pest mole. All moles live under ground and dig a network of tunnels and chambers. They create surface tunnels and deep tunnel dirt mounds under the living chambers. Moles are small only about 3-5 oz. 5-8 inches long, but are great diggers with voracious appetites. They primarily eat earthworms, and other under ground insects, they breed in the winter and most moles are territorial. They are considered a pest due to their digging.
Rats: The two common rat species in north america are the roof rat and the norway rat. Roof rats are smaller, with adults usually weighing 6-10 oz. with a body of 8in. and tail of 8in. Roof rats tend to live in warmer areas and inhabit areas above ground, such as trees. The norway rats weigh from 10-18oz. with a 9in body and a shorter tail. Norways lives in cooler climates and live at ground level,such as under homes, buildings etc. They breed year round, and produce litters of up to ten young, up to five times a year.
Snakes: North america is home to many snake species, about 130, most are harmless. There's 20 venomous species of snake, most are rattlesnakes, and aquatic snakes, such as copperheads and cottonmouth, and the coral snake (the red-yellow-black ones). If you are unsure of the specie of snake, just leave it alone! In fact leave all snakes alone, they get a bad rap. If one gets in your home or pool or something, a wildlife specialist can come out and get it, but otherwise it's probably not bad to have around.
Bats: The three most common nuisance (colonizing) species in the U.S. are the little brown bat, the big brown bat, and the mexican free-tail bat. The former two are are common in the northern states, and the free-tail bat most common in the southern states. These bats usually cause a problem when they establish large maternity colonies inside buildings. There, they leave droppings often in great bulk. Bats are special animals, they of course are mammels, and they give birth to one young each year. They live along time in the wild, up to 18 years. They eat millions of insects and are usually docile. A good wildlife expert can remove them without harming them.
Pigeon: Feral pigeons are very common in urban areas, and a common well known city pest. Though some people like to feed them they create a mess with their nesting materials and feathers, but most of all, with their droppings, which is unsanitary and pose as a health hazard. They nest any time of the year , and mate for life. Pigeons eat a variety of foods, and usually removed from roosting areas, such as beams, store signs, inside buildings etc.
Other nuisance wildlife animals include, beavers, fox, coyote, dead animals, mice, chipmunks, voles, deer, muskrat, nutria, otters, geese, starlings, woodpeckers, rabbits, weasels, frogs, lizards, bobcats, etc. For most people nuisance wildlife means an animal is destructive or menacing. The animal may be damaging property such as buildings, crops, pets, livestock, gardens, or publics parks. Wildlife may threaten human health or safety by spreading diseases, through direct attacks, or accidentally.